Over 1,000 delegates from 160 countries gathered at the opening of the third conference of the International Panel for Climate Change in Accra, Ghana. to “reach agreement on the rules and tools” that developed nations can use to reach their emission reduction target.  Among the proposals is the Japanese-led proposal, backed by the US and Canada for “sectoral targets”–different emissions reduction targets that would be set for individual industry sectors, such as steel or power generation. Disagreements between developed and developing nations – as well as uncertainties about the direction of US climate policy after President Bush leaves office, the economic slowdown and the recent collapse of global trade talks at the WTO – led to slow progress in the discussions. It was decided that forest protection needs to be part of a greenhouse gas reduction deal but that sectoral industry agreements should remain voluntary.  A number of developed-state parties to the UNFCCC are  in favour of moving towards sectoral approaches within the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which allows rich states to finance clean development projects in poor countries in exchange for emission reduction credits.