And in the end will then the EU Green Deal make it happen? After 15 years of Energy and Transport scenario-ing, where slowly but gradually the use of hydrogen in Europe’s energy transition became recognized, the Green Deal presented and already debated in the  EU Council and EU Parliament on December 11 and 12, 2019, is putting the actions where the impact will be highest. EU’s 2030 climate and energy targets will require €260 billion of additional annual investment, about 1.5% of 2018 GDP. Key takeaways of the Green Deal:

  1. The first European ‘Climate Law’ by March 2020.
  2. An impact assessed plan by summer 2020 to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reductions target for 2030 to at least 50% and towards 55% compared with 1990 levels in a responsible way.
  3. Revise the Energy Taxation Directive and proposing to use the provisions in the Treaties that allow the European Parliament and the Council to adopt proposals in this area  qualified majority voting rather than by unanimity
  4. Increased cross-border and regional cooperation will help achieve the benefits of the clean energy transition at affordable prices. The regulatory framework for energy infrastructure, TEN-E Regulation will need to be reviewed to ensure consistency with the climate neutrality objective… to foster the deployment of innovative technologies and infrastructure, such as smart grids, hydrogen networks or
    carbon capture, storage and utilisation, energy storage, also enabling sector integration.
  5. Support the deployment of public recharging and (alternative) refuelling points where persistent gaps exist, notably for long-distance travel and in less densely populated areas, and will launch as quickly as possible a new funding call to support this.
  6. Boost the production and uptake of sustainable alternative fuels for the different transport modes.
  7. Review the Non-Financial Reporting Directive too ensure appropriate management of environmental risks and mitigation opportunities.
  8. Create the context for broad-based tax reforms, removing subsidies for fossil fuels, shifting the tax burden from labour to pollution, and taking into account social considerations.
  9. Establish European Climate Pact by March 2020 to focus on three ways to engage with the public on climate action