100% renewable targets will require power storage to manage flows on the net
Electrolysers utilise these intermittent power flows to produce H2 gas from water
H2 gas can be stored in large quantities underground and transported via existing gas pipelines
H2 vehicles recharge faster and are more durable than battery powered transport
Growing H2 demand in industrial processes will reduce costs and increase supply

The final EU Directive on Deployment of alternative fuels Infrastructure (COM 2013/18) has been adopted by EU the Council on 29 September 2014 following the inter-institutional negotiations. The Directive :

  • Requires Member States to develop national policy frameworks for the market development of alternative fuels and their infrastructure by 2016;
  • Foresees the use or common technical specifications for recharging and refuelling stations;
  • Paves the way for setting up appropriate consumer information on alternative fuels, including a clear and sound price comparison methodology.

The required coverage and the timings by which this coverage must be put in place is as follows:

Coverage Timings
Electricity in urban/suburban and other densely populated areas Appropriate number of publically accessible points by end 2020
CNG in urban/suburban and other densely populated areas Appropriate number of points by end 2020
CNG along the TEN-T core network Appropriate number of points by end 2025
Electricity at shore-side Ports of the TEN-T core network and other ports by end 2025
Hydrogen in the Member States who choose to develop it Appropriate number of points by end 2025
LNG at maritime ports Ports of the TEN-T core network by end 2025
LNG at inland ports Ports of the TEN-T core network by end 2030
LNG for heavy-duty vehicles Appropriate number of points along the TEN-T core network by end 2025

The Member States have two years to submit their national policy frameworks. The Commission will then assess and report on those national policy frameworks in order to ensure coherence at Union level. For more information click here